Research on aversive racism, subtle sexism, and heterosexism has shown that socialization and cultural conditioning fosters unconscious biases and misinformation about various marginalized groups in our society; some research even suggests that cultural conditioning can actually connect prejudices to emotions in a neurological manner. Thus, it is highly possible and even probable that most people have unconsciously inherited the cultural biases of their forebears and that of society.
The concept of aversive racism is central to our understanding of microaggressions (Dovidio, Gaertner, Penner, Pearson, & Norton, 2009; Gaertner & Dovidio, 2005). Simply defined, aversive racism is a contemporary form of bias: It is an insidious and less conspicuous form of racism that hides in the assumptions/beliefs/values of well-intentioned people and is difficult to identify in its motivational manifestations. This is especially true when such biases are invisible to perpetrators and are unintentional in nature.
According to Dovidio and colleagues, aversive racists truly believe they are nonprejudiced, consciously hold egalitarian values, and would never deliberately discriminate; yet, they are likely to harbor unconscious biases that may result in discriminatory actions. Studies reveal that training and education may be successful in confronting and lessening conscious biases, stereotypes, and preconceived notions but that implicit biases generally remain untouched and unaffected.
Because most people experience themselves as good, moral, and decent human beings, they find it difficult to entertain the notion that they may have acted in a racist, sexist, or heterosexist manner. Thus, in addition to holding hidden biases, getting them to confront their prejudices and discriminatory actions threatens their self-image as someone who stands for equality, justice, and respect for everyone.
Two layers of resistance are present: (1) the unawareness and unintentionality of their prejudices and discriminatory actions and (2) the need to preserve their self-image as an unbiased and good person. If one’s prejudices are unconscious, if one’s discriminatory actions are unintentional, and if one’s self-image is locked into a belief of one’s inherent goodness, the challenges and questions become: How do we make the invisible visible? How do we reach people so that they can become aware of their biases? How do we make people see the harm perpetrated against socially devalued groups in our society? — Derald Wing Sue (via wretchedoftheearth)
ara-adaneth asked: Why are you on the shit list? theexpandingshitlist
lol no idea what that is, but I’m sure we’re always on someone’s list…
Stanford & NYU report: Only 1 in 50 killed by US drones in Pakistan are militants; the rest are innocent civilians
October 17, 2012A new study shows that only one in 50 people killed by US assassination drones are militants in Pakistan while the rest are innocent civilians.
The study, conducted by Stanford and New York Universities, concludes that Washington is terrorizing women and children as well as men round the clock with its unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) attacks.
The authors of the study think that the “double-tap” method — a drone fires a missile, then followed by a second drone — is largely to blame for the casualties.
“This shows that drone strikes go much further than simply killing innocent civilians. An entire region is being terrorized by the constant threat of death from the skies,” said Clive Stafford Smith, the director of the charity Reprive that also participated in interviewing people for the report.
According to the study, Pakistan’s tribal areas near the border with Afghanistan have witnessed at least 345 drone strikes during the past eight years.
“These strikes are becoming much more common,” The Independent quoted Mirza Shahzad Akbar, a Pakistani lawyer who represents victims of drone strikes, as saying.
“In the past it used to be a one-off, every now and then. Now almost every other attack is a double tap. There is no justification for it.”
Research also shows the consequences are much more profound than simply the fatalities, as the survivors of the attacks suffer from deep psychological trauma.
Despite Pakistani government’s repeated calls on Washington to end the drone attacks, the US government continues its strikes on the tribal regions of the country.
The aerial attacks were initiated by former US President George W. Bush, but have escalated under President Barack Obama.
The drone strikes have triggered massive anti-US demonstrations across Pakistan to condemn the United States’ violations of their national sovereignty.
(Source: turkishbolshevik, via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)
Tell Obama and ICE to keep Jose Ucelo and his family together.
After all, women of color being degraded, dehumanized and reduced to ASS — is nothing new. We live in a world where black and brown women’s bodies have been exploited since slavery. Where 19th century European freak shows exhibited the “unusual” body of Saartjie Baartman, a South African woman whose remains were finally returned to her homeland in 2002 after legal battles with the French government. Mr. Grainge, your disregard for black and brown women’s bodies is the same disregard that enabled a history of forced sterilization, the shackling of birthing black mothers in prison. Mr. Grainge, your indifference resembles the indifference of a rape culture that overlooks the men who rape, while blaming the women and girls of color, who experience sexual violence at disproportionate rates. Research has proven that the objectification of women in today’s toxic media environment has harmful effects on women and girls.
It is in this greater context of sexual exploitation where the dehumanization of black and brown women has become standard in commercial hip hop. The “Birthday Song” is simply one example. There are countless others. — For Corporations, When Colored Girls Are Degraded: An Open Letter to CEO Lucien Grainge of Universal Music Group (via theseasonofthewitch)
(Source: sparkamovement, via newwavefeminism)
Largest shipment of Libyan weapons en route to Syrian counter-revolutionaries -
LONDON, (SANA)- The British newspaper The Times revealed that a largest shipment of weapons has arrived in Turkey to be delivered to the armed groups in Syria.
“A Libyan ship carrying the largest consignment of weapons for Syria…has docked in Turkey,” said The Times in an article published on Friday.
The article’s writer, Sheera Frenkel, said most of the Libyan ship’s cargo is making its way to the armed terrorist groups inside Syria.
Quoting a member of the so-called ‘Free Syrian Army’, who called himself Abu Mohammad, the article said the over 400 ton cargo included “SAM-7 surface-to-air anti-craft missiles and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs).”
Abu Mohammad, who told The Times that he “helped to move the shipment from warehouses to the border” said “this is the largest single delivery of assistance” the gunmen have so far received.
The article said the Libyan ship, which is called ‘The Intisaar’ (victory), is berthed at the Turkish port of Iskenderun and had been given “papers stamped by the port authority by the ship’s captain, Omar Mousaeeb.”
The article pointed out that Mousaeeb is “a Libyan from Benghazi and the head of an organization called the Libyan National Council for Relief and Support,” which is delivering supplies to the armed groups in Syria.
Mouaseeb ascribed the defeats of these groups in Syria to the lack of weapons, adding however that “we now see there is even more they need.”
Over half of all Latino undergraduate students in higher education (53%) are enrolled in 10 percent of institutions in the United States identified as Hispanic-serving Institutions (HSIs).
Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) are defined in federal law as accredited and degree-granting public or private nonprofit institutions of higher education with 25 percent or more total undergraduate Hispanic full-time equivalent student enrollment.
The defining characteristic of HSIs is their Hispanic enrollment, not their institutional mission. While there were 311 institutions that met the HSI enrollment criteria in 2010-2011, there were also 242 institutions that had between 15 and 24 percent undergraduate full-time equivalent Hispanic enrollment. These institutions are identified as emerging HSIs. — Emerging Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs): 2010-11 Report